• Prometheus target labels

    Prometheus target labels

    Any non-breaking additions will be added under that endpoint. Every successful API request returns a 2xx status code. Other non- 2xx codes may be returned for errors occurring before the API endpoint is reached.

    Prometheus Tutorial - How to install and configure Node Exporter in Prometheus

    An array of warnings may be returned if there are errors that do not inhibit the request execution. All of the data that was successfully collected will be returned in the data field. Input timestamps may be provided either in RFC format or as a Unix timestamp in seconds, with optional decimal places for sub-second precision. Output timestamps are always represented as Unix timestamps in seconds. For example, 5m refers to a duration of 5 minutes. Query language expressions may be evaluated at a single instant or over a range of time.

    The sections below describe the API endpoints for each type of expression query. This is useful when specifying a large query that may breach server-side URL character limits. See the expression query result formats. The following example evaluates the expression up at the time T The following example evaluates the expression up over a second range with a query resolution of 15 seconds. This is useful when specifying a large or dynamic number of series selectors that may breach server-side URL character limits.

    Expression queries may return the following response values in the result property of the data section. Range vectors are returned as result type matrix. The corresponding result property has the following format:. Instant vectors are returned as result type vector.

    Scalar results are returned as result type scalar. String results are returned as result type string. The following endpoint returns an overview of the current state of the Prometheus target discovery:. Both the active and dropped targets are part of the response by default. The state query parameter allows the caller to filter by active or dropped targets, e. Note that an empty array is still returned for targets that are filtered out. Other values are ignored.

    In addition it returns the currently active alerts fired by the Prometheus instance of each alerting rule. When the parameter is absent or empty, no filtering is done.Having the ability to combine Prometheus and Consul to allow discovery of monitoring endpoints is wonderful, but it can come with some pain points.

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    Depending on how Consul is setup and the information passed from your applications, Prometheus may display endpoints that will never have any metrics emitted. This creates a lot of cruft in the targets view, making it look like there is more wrong than right. You cannot chain multiple relabel rules, such as renaming one label and then modifying that result.

    prometheus target labels

    While chaining result modification seems like it would be ideal, really it would complicate matters. It will be much easier to do that than manage multiple chained rules in the future. Depending on how many services we have detected, we might want to create a per-service target group instead of lumping ALL services into individual jobs. This rule example highlights how we can take a label name and create a service-to-job result.

    Any of the hosts in Consul and detected by Prometheus should have node-exporter running. When detected, this job will create a new list of nodes and use the default node-exporter port of This is an example of targeting a specific consul tag — apache — and associating a specific port to check for metrics.

    Posts About. Creating Target Groups by Job Name Depending on how many services we have detected, we might want to create a per-service target group instead of lumping ALL services into individual jobs.By multi-target exporter pattern we refer to a specific design, in which:.

    This pattern is only used for certain exporters, such as the blackbox and the SNMP exporter. Multi-target exporters are flexible regarding their environment and can be run in many ways. As regular programs, in containers, as background services, on baremetal, on virtual machines. Because they are queried and do query over network they do need appropriate open ports.

    Otherwise they are frugal. Use Docker to start a blackbox exporter container by running this in a terminal. Depending on your system configuration you might need to prepend the command with a sudo :.

    You can manually try the first query type with curl in another terminal or use this link :. Those are metrics in the Prometheus format.

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    This is called whitebox monitoring and very useful in daily ops practice. If you are curious, try out our guide on how to instrument your own applications. The blackbox exporter container comes with a meaningful default configuration. We will use the target prometheus. It tells the exporter to make a GET request like a browser would if you go to prometheus. You can now tell your blackbox exporter to query prometheus.

    Notice that almost all metrics have a value of 0. This means the prober could not sucessfully reach prometheus. By default the prober uses IPv6 until told otherwise. But the Docker daemon blocks IPv6 until told otherwise. In the real world both can make sense and as so often the answer to the question "what is to be done? Because this is an exporter guide we will change the exporter and take the oportunity to configure a custom module. The modules are predefined in a file inside the docker container called config.

    We will copy this file, adapt it to our own needs and tell the exporter to use our config file instead of the one included in the container. If you want to know more about the available probers and options check out the documentation.

    Prometheus Blog Series (Part 1): Metrics and Labels

    Now we need to tell the blackbox exporter to use our freshly changed file. You can do that with the flag --config. But because we are using Docker, we first must make this file available inside the container using the --mount command. Make sure you are in the directory containing your blackbox. Then you run this command. It is long, but we will explain it:. You can see that the probe was successful and get many useful metrics, like latency by phase, status code, ssl status or certificate expiry in Unix time.

    The blackbox exporter also offers a tiny web interface at localhost for you to check out the last few probes, the loaded config and debug information. It even offers a direct link to probe prometheus.

    prometheus target labels

    Handy if you are wondering why something does not work. So far, so good. Congratulate yourself. The blackbox exporter works and you can manually tell it to query a remote target. You are almost there.The metric and label conventions presented in this document are not required for using Prometheus, but can serve as both a style-guide and a collection of best practices.

    Individual organizations may want to approach some of these practices, e. As a rule of thumb, either the sum or the avg over all dimensions of a given metric should be meaningful though not necessarily useful. If it is not meaningful, split the data up into multiple metrics.

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    For example, having the capacity of various queues in one metric is good, while mixing the capacity of a queue with the current number of elements in the queue is not. Do not put the label names in the metric name, as this introduces redundancy and will cause confusion if the respective labels are aggregated away. Prometheus does not have any units hard coded. For better compatibility, base units should be used.

    prometheus target labels

    The following lists some metrics families with their base unit. The list is not exhaustive. Metric names Labels Base units. CAUTION: Remember that every unique combination of key-value label pairs represents a new time series, which can dramatically increase the amount of data stored.

    Do not use labels to store dimensions with high cardinality many different label valuessuch as user IDs, email addresses, or other unbounded sets of values.

    To avoid confusion combining different metrics, always use byteseven where bits appear more common. Values are 0—1 rather than 0—When it comes to monitoring tools in the last while, Prometheus is definitely hard to miss. It has quickly risen to be top of the class, with overwhelming adoption from the community and integrations with all the major pieces of the Cloud Native puzzle.

    Throughout this blog series, we will be learning the basics of Prometheus and how Prometheus fits within a service-oriented architecture. This first post the series will cover the main concepts used in Prometheus: metrics and labels. Metrics are a core concept of Prometheus. Instrumented systems expose them, Prometheus stores them in its time-series database and makes them available to easily query to understand how these systems behave over time.

    In short, a metric is an identifier linking data points together over time. In a typical microservices architecture, the number of instances will vary and these will have a relatively short life span.

    As a result, queries will mostly be aggregating regardless of the instance, but being able to distinguish between different instances is a powerful debugging tool:. Augmenting metrics with good labels is key to get the best out of Prometheus. Labels can be combined in a number of different ways using functions, in order to answer a wide range of questions from the all the data collected by Prometheus. As described in the above examples, it is possible to filter a metric based on the value of one of the labels:.

    If a label is not specified, the result of a query will return as many time-series as there are combinations of labels and label values. In order to collapse these combinations partially or fullyaggregation operators can be used:. Labels are really powerful so it can be tempting to annotate each metric with very specific information, however there are some important limitations to what should be used for labels.

    Prometheus considers each unique combination of labels and label value as a different time series. As a result if a label has an unbounded set of possible values, Prometheus will have a very hard time storing all these time series. In order to avoid performance issues, labels should not be used for high cardinality data sets e. Customer unique ids. In this first post, we went through the main building blocks of Prometheus: metrics, labels and basic operators to query these metrics.

    The few examples of metrics represented different types of data, such as counting the number of requests served or the amount of memory used at a given time. In the next postwe will dive into the 4 different types of Prometheus metrics counters, gauges, histograms and summaries and when to use them. If there is any specific subject you would like me to cover in this series, feel free to reach out to me on Twitter at PierreVincent.

    What are metrics and labels? If there is any specific subject you would like me to cover in this series, feel free to reach out to me on Twitter at PierreVincent More reading on metrics and labels Prometheus documentation: Metrics and labels naming best practices Data model Querying basics PromCon Best Practices and Beastly Pitfalls by Julius Voltz Looking to get more practical training with Prometheus?

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    Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I've added two targets on the prometheus. Config as follows. But in the prometheus UI Tragets only showing single node other is not showing. If I remove one node existing node is showing. How can I monitor multiple nodes. Learn more. Multiple Targets on prometheus Ask Question. Asked 1 year, 5 months ago.

    Active 9 months ago. Viewed 20k times. I've configured prometheus on Centos, version details are follows. Active Oldest Votes. I've configured with this configurations on prometheus. Default is every 1 minute. The default is every 1 minute. You can scrape the multiple targets in prometheus.

    Prafull Ladha Prafull Ladha 6, 1 1 gold badge 15 15 silver badges 33 33 bronze badges. The other answer has the most up to date version. Web UI targets. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook.

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    Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time.

    Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Is there any way to annotate targets with labels? For instance, I would like to add 'service-1' label to ' You can use File Based ServiceDiscovery to achieve this. See this Blog Post for more details. You can find information in here - Prometheus Good Config.

    Learn more. Asked 2 years ago. Active 4 months ago. Viewed 14k times. Active Oldest Votes. I have the same question before. Thanks a lot! Ok, that makes sense but then it may be hard to manage multiple systems. It seems that you've also written this blog post, thanks a lot! Nils Schmidt Nils Schmidt 3, 6 6 gold badges 18 18 silver badges 28 28 bronze badges.

    Prometheus Blog Series (Part 1): Metrics and Labels

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